Texas has become the most recent state to implement various restrictions on abortion, however, they are not the only one. Around the United States, in the last few years, a plethora of states have restricted abortion, Idaho being one of them.
The Fetal Heartbeat Bill has been in constant court debate dating back to 2013. North Dakota was the first state to pass the law, however, in 2015 it was proven unconstitutional due to the precedent set by Roe v. Wade. Since then, in 2018, 11 states have proposed their own Fetal Heartbeat Bill, some of which have now been accepted into law.
Throughout 2021, 12 states have passed some sort of law to restrict abortion access:
Idaho Governor signed HB366 April 27 banning abortions after a fetal heartbeat is detected which is around five to six weeks after conception. The legislation makes exceptions for medical emergencies and pregnancies that are the result of rape or incest.
“Idaho is a state that values the most innocent of all lives – the lives of babies,” said Governor Little. “We should never relent in our efforts to protect the lives of the preborn. Hundreds and hundreds of babies lose their lives every year in Idaho due to abortion, an absolute tragedy. I appreciate Idaho lawmakers for continuing to protect lives by passing this important legislation, and I am proud to sign the bill into law today,”
HB366 will only be enacted if a federal appeals court upholds a similar heartbeat ban.
Arizona Governor signed HB1457 on April 27 which banned all abortions that were just on account of genetic abnormalities. The bill went on to ban the mail delivery of abortion-inducing medication such as the morning-after pill. It also restricted state funds from going to organizations that provide abortion care.
Arkansas Governor signed the Unborn Child Protection Act (SB6) which is almost a complete abortion ban. The state bill bans all abortions including rape and incest situations. The only exception to the bill is if the mother’s life is at risk.
Kentucky legislature enacted HB2 in February giving the Attorney general more authority over abortions that violate the state’s laws around the issue. In March, Lawmakers also approved measure HB91 that will appear on the November 2022 ballot that would amend the state’s constitution stating there is no constitutional right to abortion. Kansas has also enacted similar amendments to change the state’s constitution around abortion.
Louisiana Governor signed HB357 July 2 stating minors must petition a judge to get an abortion without parental consent and it must be within their local jurisdiction.
Montana Governor signed three abortion laws on April 26. The first is HB136 which bans all abortions after 20 weeks. HB140 requires doctors to offer ultrasound and hear the fetal heartbeat before proceeding with an abortion. Then, HB171 adds regulations to medication-induced abortions requiring that they be provided by a qualified medical practitioner.
New Hampshire Governor signed the state’s budget in June including an abortion ban after 24 weeks unless there is a medical emergency.
Ohio Governor signed SB260 in January prohibiting the use of telemedicine for medication-induced abortions and requiring patients to take the initial dose of any drug with a physician present. On June 30 the Governor also signed the state’s budget allowing providers to refuse to perform abortion-related health care on account of their religious beliefs.
Oklahoma Governor signed HB2441 on April 26 following Idaho banning abortions if a fetal heartbeat is detected with the exception of physical risk to the mother. HB1102 states providers can have their license revoked if they perform an abortion outside of a medical emergency. The Governor also signed a bill to outlawed abortion immediately if the SCOUS was to ever overturn Roe v. Wade.
South Carolina Governor signed SB1 in February also following Idaho’s fetal heartbeat ban, however, it is temporarily blocked by a federal district court. The measure also gives the same exception as Idaho
South Dakota Governor approved HB1110 in February prohibiting abortions based on the fetus’ Down Syndrome and other potential diagnoses with the exception of the mother’s life being in danger.
Texas Governor signed SB8 May 19 also siding with Idaho and banning abortion when a fetal heartbeat can be detected. The bill goes on to allow citizens to sue individuals who help women get said abortions. This includes medical providers, friends, drivers, and so on. The Governor also signed a trigger bill stating if the SCOUS ever overturned Roe v. Wade, abortion would be outlawed in the state.
Daily Fly used information from US News and the Guttmacher Institute.